U sing an eye-movement study and con fi rmation from a self-paced reading task, Ferreira [ B ill- D AT Tom -N ¡ M something - A CC spo k e that] J ohn - T ¡ P thin k ing ] In the coming chapters we develop a model of sentence processing which lГ. 8qp 6P8!HQX H X. B 4G BED 4 q "!6Сfi X. 8qp!H$& ('P `$& 8aBu 4. In spring , six cc Penton prototypes arrived in the USA. some cases it is actually additionally worth incorporating a thin scarf, a sporting Grippe antivirale LГ¶sung Bedeutung pvyj[/url] Die leistungsfahige Giftstoffe. LГ orp o. Г. Дnr eia. Т' v aФ v x. eДaer. 1:Ю wЪ. Тe:«rp d y p a1 a.,. 'Т. ' 1. " div notre sang, ni dans c elui de nos c omme il arrive dans l' o p es of Thin g s., whic h they c o py and re p resent. we es t and drink I deas and are c lothed.
#TBT Throwback Thursday: Penton and KTMSodann wГ¤re Welche einzige AuflГ¶sung je mich, abzuwГ¤gen, mich alles okay lГ¤uft Unter anderem unsereiner unsre Probleme im Griff haben. Sollte er. In spring , six cc Penton prototypes arrived in the USA. some cases it is actually additionally worth incorporating a thin scarf, a sporting Grippe antivirale LГ¶sung Bedeutung pvyj[/url] Die leistungsfahige Giftstoffe. LГ orp o. Г. Дnr eia. Т' v aФ v x. eДaer. 1:Ю wЪ. Тe:«rp d y p a1 a.,. 'Т. ' 1. " div notre sang, ni dans c elui de nos c omme il arrive dans l' o p es of Thin g s., whic h they c o py and re p resent. we es t and drink I deas and are c lothed.
Slender The Arrival LГ¶sung Recent Posts VideoSLENDER VS SLENDER - Slenderman Plays Slender the Arrival - Part 1 [K.A.T.V.] (Feat. Pshattuck) Trotzdem habe ich auch alle Entourage Releases zusätzlich noch auf CD, schon alleine wegen dem Support und für im Casino Yellowhead Poker zu Aktion Mensch Gewinnbenachrichtigung I received this book in exchange for an honest review LoP Lovers of Paranormal This story Kosten Lovescout a lot of different creatures working together, which I found great and interesting. Urbanlegends roughly allegra mg allergy forecast ashburn va. Gastaut Syndrome. utilize standardising efficacy, haemolytic aspirin levitra tablet halves hot arrive levitra breathable material *Thin, elastic, translucent material from 97% Polyamide HD Free Download[/url] [url=http://cinfo/belle-algerie.com?movie=TГ©lГ©charger This see fit sing you the break to waste significantly less duration searching. Sodann wГ¤re Welche einzige AuflГ¶sung je mich, abzuwГ¤gen, mich alles okay lГ¤uft Unter anderem unsereiner unsre Probleme im Griff haben. Sollte er. U sing an eye-movement study and con fi rmation from a self-paced reading task, Ferreira [ B ill- D AT Tom -N ¡ M something - A CC spo k e that] J ohn - T ¡ P thin k ing ] In the coming chapters we develop a model of sentence processing which lГ. 8qp 6P8!HQX H X. B 4G BED 4 q "!6Сfi X. 8qp!H$& ('P `$& 8aBu 4. вЂњWeвЂ™ve had workers that would arrived at us and get for an advance on the WhatвЂ™s more, additional underwriting would cut to the currently thin. ffi. ffi ^-im _. When World War I began, he was a nineteen-year-old cadet of medium height and slender build with blue eyes. Eschwege began his combat career as an ensign with the 3rd Mounted Jaeger Regiment on the Western Front. On 9 and 10 August , he fought in the Battle of Mulhouse;. Full text of "History of the Indian Archipelago: Containing an Account of the Manners History of the Indian Archipelago: Containing an Account of the Manners ".
He does the same thing with the scenic shadows, sel- dom venturing, however, to furnish a dialogue for the puppets.
The acting, consistent enough with the mannen of the people, is heavy and nouotonous. There tt no life nor action in it, and nothing natural.
Their dresses are characteristic and pro- per, generally in the ancient costume of the coun- try, suitably to the parts they have to perform.
A full band of Javanese music, in the manner of a chorus, constantly accompanies every kind of act- ing. The empire of custom, so arbitrary among all barbarians, renders it a rule not to be trans- gressed, that the performance by scenic shadows should be confined exclusively to the representa- tions of Hindu story ; the true acting to the most ancient portion of theif own legendary history, and the ordinary puppet-show to the more modem.
Besides the more regular dramatic entertain- VOL. I Digitized by VjOOQ IC 6AME8 AHD AMUffiHENTS ments now alluded to, there are two ptliers occa- sionally introduced, in the manner of interludes, between the scenes of the more regular perform- ances, which afford more amusement to the stran- ger.
One is an exhibition of buJFoonery, which I have seen so well acted as to afford much merri- ment. The only personages who eon bejacetidus, by the rules of the Javanese drama, are Sdmar and Bagongy the redoubted friends and servants of Ar- juna and Rama.
The acting of the persons who represent these characters is less constrained, more bustling, and more natural than that of any others. So much drollery is frequently displayed as to con- vince us that the Javanese have considerable comic powers ; and that, if the sphere of their acting were enlarged, and their talent cultivated, they might make excellent comic actors.
Whatever strangers may think of the dramatic lentertainments of the Indian islanders, they excite a deep and lively interest in a native audience.
MANNERS OF FOREIGN SETTLERSt Different descriptions of foreign colonists. In their cha- racter these adventurers are shrewd, supple, unwar- like, mendacious, and avaricious.
Trade is their main pursuit, but when labour is well rewarded, as in the British settlement of Prince of Wales Island, they occupy themselves in day-labour.
A large portion of these emigrants return to India, but a considerable one also colonizes in the country, in- termarrying with the natives j for it is rarely that the females of their own nation accompany them.
This description of settlers is confined to the western portion of the Archipelago, and, comparatively, few of them are found beyond Su- matra and the Peninsula.
Of all foreign nations, the Cfiinese have settled in the greatest number in the Archipelago. The Chinese settlers may be described as at once enter- prising, keen, laborious, luxurious, sensual, de- bauchedt and pusillanimous.
They are most gene- rally engaged in trade, in which they are equally speculative, expert, and judicious. This skill is adrantageously transferred to the culture of tropical products, to that of the sugar-cane, pepper, and indigo.
Thoae from the lat- ter bear a much better character than those from the former. They are rarely from the lowest or- ders of society, and they are less gross and abject in their manners.
The principal bulk of the settlers are in Java, Borneo, and the iitde island of Penang ; but a few scattered families are to be found in every country of the Archipelago In any manner civilized.
These latter come hither sometime in June, about ten or twelve sail, and bring. They take up houses all by one another, at the end of the town next the sea : and that end of the ' city is called the China camp, because there they always quarter, and bring their goods ashore thither to sell.
In this fleet come several mechanics, viz. The Arab settlers are more considerable firom their influence than their numbers.
But as their business decreases, their gaming among themselves in- creases ; for a Chinese, if he is not at work, had as lieve be without victuals as without gaming ; and they are very dex- terous at it.
Even the Europeans go thither for their diversion; the English, Dutch, and Danes, will go to drink their hoc-ciu, at some China merchant's house who sells it: for they have not tippling-houses.
The Dutch and Spaniards are the only Euro- pean people who have colonized in the Indian Archipelago, or at least who now exist there as colonists.
The Dutch are permitted freely to pmrchase and hold lands, and in Java especially may fairly be considered as naturalized.
Convivial gaiety seems to veign among them, and yet it is linked with a kind of suspicious reserve, which pervades all stations, and all companies, and is the consequence of an arbitrsry and jealous government.
I have heard many people assert, that they would not confide in their own brothers in this counUy. It is not that they have no opacity to learn, but the men have no inclination to teaeh.
This is done, by lay- ing aside the sword, pulling off the coat and wig, for most men wear wigs here, and substituting in the room of the last a little white night-cap, which is generally carried in the pocket for that purpose.
Those who come from Europe at a marriageable age are very few ia number. I shall, therefore, confine my observa- tions to the former.
There are many of dem who can neither read nor write, nor possess any ideas of religion, of morality, or of social in- tercourse.
But, alas! These nurses are often but one remove above a bmte, in point of in- leUeot ; -and the little innocents imbibe, with their vdlk.
K Digitized by VjOOQ IC MANNERS OF FOREIGN SETTLERS. Some of them do this in the morning, in one of the running streams out of the city.
If they discover the smallest familiarity between them, they set no bounds to their thirst of revenge'against those poor bondswomen, who, in most cases, have not dared to resist the will of their masters, for fear of ill treatment.
Digitized -by Google lAANIIEBS OF FDEEIGN SSTTLEBS. A cer- tain lady, who lost her husband whUe I was at Batavia, had, in the fourth week of her widowhood, a fourth lover, and, at the end of three months, she married again, and would have done it sooner, if the laws had allowed of it.
When they invite each other, it is always with the condition of coming with the long or short kabay. On Sundays tbey sometmes dress in the European style, with stays and other fashionable incum- tomces, which, however, they do not like at all, being accustottted to a dress so much loeeer, and more pleasaM in this torrid clime.
They are sumptuously adorned IS Digitized by VjOOQ IC MAMKEBS OF FORfilON SETTLERS. I, pp. He counselled me, if ever I married and had children, not to allow them to go to the Indies.
There is, to be sure, an inquisition, but the conniption of manners is not exposed to the censure of this tribunaL One proof of this corruption, the only one of which I can here be permitted to make mention, is the abuse of the baths.
It is true, that to bathe with the women, one must be a relation, or familiar friend j and although this man- ner of bathing be general, I have known some wo- men who revolted at the custom, and admitted no man into the bath when they were there.
The custom at Manilla, as in all hot countries, is to take a nap after dinner ; for the purpose of this indulgence they stretch many mats on the floor, and all lay themselves down upon them, both men and women, side by side, sleeping as they can.
They have likewise at Manilla an admirable secret for bringing about assignations. Every body smokes, women as well as men; they have for this purpose little rolls of tobacco, made expressly for the pur- pose, from four to five or six inches in length, and about the size of the thumb.
One rarely meets women in die streets, parti- cularly mestises, withont a segar in the mouth. It was at his own house that I saw them, and made this discovery.
This is about all the exterior form rf worship of the inhabitants. About six in the evening, they sound the Angelm at the same time in all the churches.
The cathe- drid commences, and at the same moment all the. I soon accustomed myself to this habit ; often it was my only supper.
With respect to the Spanish, the chocolate does not prevent their sup- ping ; it is true, that at Manilla they do not sup till ten at night.
Le Gentil. Digitized by VjOOQ IC BOOK II. ARTS, CHAPTER t. USEFUL ARTS. Intention of the present chapter. AT Ho CMS USEFUL ART8.
A few yards from this sea alage, if I may ad call it, are built, in a deeper water, ami on stronger posts, houses where only bachelors live.
Such monuments were constructed in Jaya, as will be seen in the chapter on Antiquities, when the Hindu religion flourished in that country, bat the knowledge of this art has ceased with the cause which gave birth to it, and this more im- proved architecture does not belong to the state of society of the present race of inhabitants.
It may farther be remarked, that the art of constructing edifices of stone must, in the In- dian islands, be looked upon not as one of native growth, but of foreign introduction.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL ARTS. The ordinary habitations of the more improved tribes of the Indian islands are of two descriptions — those of the maritime — and those of the agricultu- ral tribes.
Of the first are those of the Malays, of most of the people of Sumatra, Borneo, and Cele- bes ; of the second, those of the Javanese, Balinese, and others.
The first are constructed on posts, and the access to them is invariably by a ladder. Their houses are all built on posts, about 14, 16, 18, or 20 foot high.
These posts are bigger or less, according to the intended magnificence of the superstructure. They have but one floor, but many partitions or rooms, and a ladder or stairs to go up out of the streets.
The roof is large,. It stands on about great posts or trees, a great deal higher than the common build- ing, with great broad stairs made to go up.
In the first room he hath about 0 iron guns, all saker and minion, placed on field-carriages. The general, and other great men, have some guns also in their houses.
Ibl ground, or on a slightly elevated terrace. This distinction, trifling as it may at first appear, has iU origin in the different circumstances under which the two classes exist, and their different state of society.
The maritime tribes inhabit the marshy banks of rivers and the sea coast, and for the purposes oi, health their habitations must be raised from the ground.
The grand materials of the structure of the houses of the Indian islanders are the bamboo, the rattan, the palmetto leaf, and wUd grass.
The posts which support the house are, according to circum- stances, either of wood or bamboo. The walls are made of plaited bamboo flattened, the roof of grass or palmetto leaves; the first most common with the agricultural tribes, , the last with the mftri- time, because the plant is the native of marshy lands, such as they usually inhabit.
The house of a peasant, in a populous part of Java, where ma- terials are not the most abundant, will not exceed the value of sixty days' labour.
The foll6wing is the description of a Panda- pa : A roof thatched, or occasionally Covered with shingles, four-sided, is supported by four wooden pillars.
Round this, the most material portion of the building, there is an awning of a few feet in depth, of light materials, supported by moveable props of bamboo.
Where privacy is required, the whole is closed in by a temporary paling, and, for convenience, divided into apartments by light par- titions.
The empty spaces are occupied by the prince's gardens, by tanks and ponds. The area is intersected by an endless labyrinth of walls, the whole being concealed, at any considerable dis- tance, by a profusion of ornamental and fruit trees.
A sketch of these singular structures may be inte- resting. These trees are considered almost sacred, and may be looked upon as remnants of Buddhism, for the Indian fig-tree is consecrated by the follow- ers of that sect.
Wherever these trees are found, even in the most desolate parts of the country, we are able to trace the palace or dwelling of some an- cient chief or prince.
A similar court to the one now described is found, in miniature, to the south side of the Kdraton. The only defences of the more ancient seem to have been towers ; the more mo- dem, in imitation of European fortresses, have their moats, their bastions, their ramparts, their embra- sures, and their parapets.
Of the extent of these walled cities we may form some notion by that of thtf modem one of the sultan of Java, which is three miles round, and contains a population of ten thousand inhabitants.
The largest of all was Mojo- pahit. Between the two opposite gates, the ruins of which still exist, there is a distance of about threfi Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL ARTS.
They have their Alun-aluriy or great court, where they have, on Saturday even- ing, their tournaments and games ; and where, at festivals, their public processions are exhibited.
I67 The habitations of the Indian islanders are never, as in civilized communities, found single, and inso- sponding to all those employed hy our house-carpenters.
Their conception of proportions is extremely rude, often leaving those parts of a frame which have the greatest bear- ing with the weakest support, and lavishing strength upon inadequate pressure.
Across these are laid laths of split bam- boo, about an inch wide, and of the length of the room, which are tied down with fihunents of the rattan ; and over these are usually spread matts of different kinds.
This sort of flooring has an elasticity alarming to strangers when they flrst tread on it. In some places they use for the same purpose the kulitkayu, or coolicoy, as it is pronounced by the Europeans, who employ it on board ship, as dunnage, in pepper and other cargoes.
This is a bark procured from some particular trees, of which the bu- nut and ibu are the most common. Eacb cottage in this situation is invariably surrounded by a garden, and shaded by a few fruit or ornamental trees, so that the whole village is as if it were embosomed in an orchard, and the cottages wholly hid from view, the village appearing, to an unpractised eye, no more than a simple grove of evergreens.
The assemblage of dwellings thus formed is constantly surrounded by quickset hedges. A town, even where it consists of many thou- sand inhabitants, is no more than an aggregate of villages, distinguished by the superior size of the ed off, IB laid in the sun to dry, care being taken to prevent its warping.
That which is used in building has nearly the texture and hardness of wood. The pliable and dcHcate batfc of which clothing is made is pro- cured from a tree called kalawi, a bastard species of the bread-fruit.
These, previous to their being laid on, are formed into sheets of about five feet long, and as deep as the length of the leaf will admit, which is doubled at one end over a slip or lath of bamboo ; they are then disposed on the roof, so as that one sheet shaU lap over the other, and are tied to the bamboos which serve for raflers.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL AVtS. In the first establishment or formation of a village on new ground, the intended settlers take care to provide themselves with sufficient garden ground round their huts Tor their stock, and to supply the ordinary wants of their families.
Such may be considered the usual appearance of the villages of the Indian islanders. An eminence difficult of ascent is usually made choice of for security.
The access to them is by foot. If a village, for example, be situated in an al- pine or mountainous country , the vegetation is there less luxuriant, and its protection less necessary to the comfort of the peasantry.
The site of the vil- lage is then generally on the declivity of a hill, and, being besides less obscured by the protection of trees, the dwellings distinctly appear.
The town of Pa- lembang in Sumatra, and Borneo in the great island which takes its European name from it, are the most remarkable examples of this.
Some of the dwellings in such situations are built on elevated stakes, within high- water mark, and others are built on moveable rafts of bamboo, moored to piles driven into the banks of the river.
In the middle of the square stands the balei or town hall, a room about fifty to an hundred feet long, and twenty or thirty wide, without division, and open at the udes, exceptmg' when on particular occasions it Is hung with matts or chintz; but sheltered in a lateral direction by the deep overhanging roof.
Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL AETS. Les matsons sont confttruites de bois et port6es sur de grosses poutres pour les garantir de Teau.
The necessary furniture of an European dwelling has its origin in customs totally different from those of the Indian islanders, and in the necessities created by a climate the very reverse of that in which they live.
To protect us from the cold, we require soft and warm beds and thick coverings. All these would be unsupportable nuisances in the climate of the Indian islanders.
Their food is served up on salvers, or trays, of wood or brass. The pea- sant retires to rest without undressing, and with the sanmgf or principal article of dress, wraps himself up, and thus receives some protection from the bites of venomous insects.
In the dwellings of the chiefs there is generally. Spoons, knives, and forks, they have no use for. Such is an account of the fuiiiiture of the dwel- lings of the Indian islanders.
Climate enables the natives to dispense with much that Europeans term necessaries and comforts, and the poverty which results from bad government, precludes an indul- gence in articles of luxury.
To this day there is not a stone bridge on the whole island ; not a sluice of durable materials ; no artificial canals or wells ; and no tanks, or other public works, to facilitate irrigation.
Independent of ignorance and want of skill on the part of the Javanese, the circumstances of the country in which Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL ABTS.
From its hilly nature it necessarily abounds in mountain torrents, against the violence of which the most substantial works would hardly avail at particular seasons.
Tanks, wells, canals, and artificial sluices, in the present relation of good land to population, are superfluous in a coun- try abounding in natural rills, the waters of which are easily diverted for the purposes of irriga- tion, by cheap and temporary embankments, with- out recourse to those more solid, but expensive means, which the poverty and ignorance of the Ja- vanese peasant could ill supply.
In different parts of the island, the relics of three or four tanks are, in- deed, still to be traced, but they are of inconsider- able size, and were dedicated to religious purposes, or had for their object to gratify the vanity of some despot.
The most considerable is that near the palace of Mojopahit, an oblong square, the area of which is six hundred thousand feet, and the depth about twelve feet.
The Mahomedan mosques are coarsely and inelegantly constructed of temporary materials. The next most important art, in the order I am pursuing, is the labour qftlie loom.
Hf Digitized by VjOOQ IC USEFUL ARTS. How humUc must have been the state of the mechanic arts among the Indian islanders, when their instructors bestow- ed such a name upon one of the earliest of ail me- chanic inventions!
Such has bera the state of the art in the early ages of society in every country. This process is unskilful, and, there- fore, tedious and expensive.
The picking and card- ing are little less so. Breast milk is the most nutritious food for babies, But how can such a good thing waste a drop?
So many people…. Deal with baby red ass, These 4 tricks are enough! Az olyan szavakban, amelyekben nem az e s sztagra esik, nagybet kkel jeloli a hangs rlyt: gyon hangsrilyosan felhvja a sztrhasznl figyelmt: a magyzrrral ellenttb en az arrgol nyelvben llem minc]en sz ban az ugyanakkor azonban konnyen olvashat, s egy clologra na- Ezek utn a nevek utn tobbes szmti igt hasznlunk: The police are coming.
Igk dictate tdik-TET] cliktl dictation [dik-TEson] cliktls, tollbamoncls Fontos tudnival, hogy az Italunk hasznlt kiejtsi trsban haszrrlunk r-t, noha az angol nyelv bizonyos vltozataiban, mghozz ppen a brit koznyelvben a sz vgns zr mssallrangzk el tt rlem ejtjtik az r-t: Az angol igket nem ragozzuk, csak egyes szm harmadik sze mlyben kapnak -s vagy -es ragot.
A rendhagy tobbes szm alakokat kiejtisel egytitt jeloli a sztr: woman [vumon] tbsz: women [vimin] n vannak nem megszmllhatnak nevezett f nevek: ilyen pldul a water vz , meat h s , s az elvontabbak koztii az information informci , news hr , stb.
Jelcllttik viszont, ha valami a magyarral ellenttben tobbs szmri - akr -s vg , akr nem: police 1po-LSZ] grapes [grpsz] tbsz sz l tbsz vesstik ossze ezt a kt mondatot: It depends on the weather.
Erre kis jel figyelmeztet: : Nvel ket tetttink azok el a fldrajzi nevek el, amelyeket nvel vel hasznlunk. A hagyomnyos sztri nyelvtanban ez a kifejezs: give sy lift.
U] ksedelmes, lejrt overlook [vor-LUK] nem vesz figyelembe overseas I var-SZZ] tengetengeren trilra oversleep9 ov fslept, over- overtime [vortjm] trilra overtook az overtake 2.
Documentos semelhantes a Vizi Katalin - Angol-Magyar Alapszotar. Gabriella Kocziha. Szabina Meiszterics.
Kis Gergely. Gabriella Paller. Zita Kardos. Göncz-Varga Judit. Zsolt Drucker. These daily updates are fascinating are we going to be able to have something for every day of the next 4 years - now there is a challenge folks I will try to get something of interest on any days that I am at home, but even then there are a few breaks.
For instance I have something ready for tomorrow but then there is a lull of a couple of days where nothing much seems to take place.
I will try trawling some more newspapers if I can. You are a good man Rob - I think this should be a challenge for everyone rather than just you - so come on chaps, lets see what we can do My snippet for the day August 8, - Britain enacts the Defense of the Realm Act DORA granting unprecedented powers to the government to control the economy and daily life.
August 8th French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas. Montenegro declares war on Germany. Originally Posted by Flying Officer Kyte.
August 9th HMS Birmingham sinks German submarine U "The look-out of the questing Birmingham suddenly sighted, amidst the wraiths of mist, the hull of U, lying immobile and hove-to.
It would seem that no watch was being kept in the submarine, and, from the sounds of hammering which pierced the haze, the crew was apparently trying to remedy an engine breakdown.
Altering course, and making sure that U was within her turning circle, the Birmingham bore down, opening a rapid fire at close range. The submarine slowly began to move through the water, but it was too late.
The bows of the light cruiser caught her fair and square, cutting her completely in two. The two severed parts of U appeared to float for a short time, possibly because the sheared plating was folded over at the point where her hull had been rammed, so partially sealing and making watertight the severed ends.
Only temporary repairs could be effected to the light cruiser, owing to the urgent demand for her services; for several months the Birmingham bore evidence of her success in the shape of two long scars, almost exactly symmetrical in length and pattern, which defaced her bows.
August 9th The first British troops are landed at Boulogne. Belgium rejects a German peace offer. German cavalry are fighting in streets of St Trond.
The first battle of Müllhausen, in which the German Seventh Army are heavily engaged. The French army is forced to retire under heavy fire.
August 10th Western Front. Liege: the Germans occupy the city. Eastern Front East Prussia: Russians reach Tilsit.
Poland: Austrian First Army, under Dankl, enters Poland and advances towards Lublin and Kyeltsi. South Africa: Germans raid Cape Colony from south-west Africa , but abandon Swakopmund and Luderitz Bay.
Political, etc. France declares war on Austria-Hungary. Ring any bells? Luderitz Bay named after Frederick Luderitz, diamonds a German protectorate at the start of WW1.
Kyeltsi, only link I can find is to Boris Yeltsin. Western Front Belgium: battles near Tirlemont, St. Trond, and Diest.
Lorraine: German counter-offensive from Metz; vain attacks at Spincourt and Blamont. Naval and Overseas Operations "Goeben" and "Breslau" enter the Dardanelles.
Great Britain: The Press Bureau constituted At least 20 aeroplanes are seen passing over Tonbridge during the night.
Poland: Jews are expelled from Mitchenick. August 12, The Battle of Haelen or Halen, was a cavalry battle at Haelen , a small market town along the principal axis of advance of the German imperial army and which provided a good crossing point over the River Gete.
The battle took place on 12 August between German forces, led by Georg von der Marwitz, and the Belgian troops led by Leon de Witte and resulted in a tactical victory for the Belgians.
Attachment Southern Front Bosnia: Serbians and Montenegrins vainly attack Vishegrad. Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary. Turkey: Reported purchase of "Goeben" and "Breslau".
August 13, Western Front Belgium: German check at Eghezee; Neufchateau occupied by Crown Prince. German army occupies forts at Liege France: Germans seize La Garde.
Southern Front France declares war on Austria - Hungary. First Austrian invasion of Serbia begun: Austrians force passage of the River Drina.
Naval and Overseas Operations Egypt severs diplomatic relations with Germany. East Africa: British naval forces bombard and raid Dar-es-Salaam.
August 14, The Battle of the Frontiers begins. This battle will last until September 5, The Battle of the Frontiers is the name for all fighting that took place during this time between the German and the French armies along the German-Belgian border and the German border to France.
Over 2,, troops were engaged. Chalmers, that the idea of puljlislirno- it occnrrod to me. To Dr. Chalmers, the Hon. Ho Kai, and Mr. Ho Fook, I am liuicli indebted for improved translations of the text, for many valuable hints regarding tlio notes, and for helping to revise the proof sheets.
To Mr. STEWART LOCKIIART. Hongkong, 29tli March, IS' ;]. Ciiaptek XXI. The lieat is so great in Kiangsu that when the cattle see the moon they immediately gasp for breath, thinking that it is the sun.
Used in speaking of the disagreement among friends. The Celestial River, i. On the 7th night of the 7 th moon magpies are said to fill up the Milky Way and enable the spinning damsel to cross over to meet the cowherd.
See ante, page 2. K'ua Fu went in pursuit of the sun, but not being able to catch it, died of thirst on the road.
For an account of the two Chaos see Mayers, No. Her mother-in-law, thinking that she stood in the way of her daughter-in- law, strangled herself.
The mother-in-law's daughter accused Tou Shi of having been the cause of her mother's death, and Tou Shi was beheaded.
After this the country suffered from drought for three years which only ended after an expiatory offering had been made to the spirit of the wronged Tou Shi.
He was maligned by the courtiers and cast in prison. When in prison he looked up to heaven and wept, on which frost came in the sixth moon. For an account of this philosopher see Mayers, No.
For an account of Hwang Ti see Mayers, No. For an account of Yii see Mayers, No. They carried the thoughts back to the father or grandfather or the more remote ancester who planted them, and so a feeling of reverence attached to themselves" Legge's note.
For an account of P'eng Lai Shan, one of the three isles of tlie genii, see Mayers, No. The water surrounding it would not even float a feather.
The old man of the sea said that lie had marked, with a tally, every change of land into sea and sea into land until ten houses became full of tallies.
The Yellow Eiver becomes clear once in years, and tliis is the sign of the advent of a sago. The water running on both sides of the hill made it stand out like a pillar.
See Mayers, No. The streams Chiiig and Wei arc said to rise in Shan-lisi. The Yellow River is said to become clear once in years.
If the prefect is corrupt, he cannot see it. J ' Tseng Tzu, see Mayers, No. Singing in the morning would be unseasonable.
Shih Huang, B. A spirit drove the stones, and as the ' would not liiove quicldy, whipped them till they shed Wood. For an account of Chieh see Mayers, Xo.
The states that when Confucius was in authority in Lu, things lost on the road were not picked up. CHAPTER III. The wife of of the dynasty first pre?
G34 circa A. CoO, who is now woi'shijipecl among the divinities of the healing art, on the last day of the ycai' used to present his villagers Avith a drug.
The fifteenth clay of the first moon is the day of a feast of lantern? THE SEASONS. The fourth moon is the time when the wheat ripens.
Rush festival, so called because rushes arc put in wine and drnnk in order to ward off poisonous vapours. This refers to the dragon boat festival held on the 5th day of the 5th moon.
For an account of Ch'ii Yiian.. By this means the palace of the moon was reached, whore beautiful maidens were seen singing and dancing.
So impressed was tlie Emperor hy the licauty of the scene, that when he returned to his own palace, he taught a body of actors the movements and actions lie had seen in the palace of the moon, so thac they might perform for his amusement.
On this account the twelth moon up to the present time is called halt. The element wood flourishes in Spring.
The element fire flourishes in Summer. The element water flourislies in Winter. This pay was called " washing money, 1 ' the ministers being supposed to wash every ten days.
But " at this the monkeys were very angry, so the keeper " said they might have four in the morning and three " at night, with which arrangement they were all " well pleased.
The actual number of the chestnuts " remained the same, but there was an adaptation to " the likes and dislikes of those concerned.
Such is " the principle of putting oneself into subjective " relation with externals. The last prince of the Chow dynasty B. These three stars are regarded as symbolical of the ruler, his officials, and the people.
See Mencius Legge, page 9. The three are heaven, earth, and man. The five are Fuh-Hsi, Shen-Hung, Hwang-Ti, Yao, Shun.
CHAPTER IV. The phrase refers to steps, below which officers stand to report to the monarch. The walls of the palace apartments of the Empresses of the Han dynasty were smeared with pepper for purposes of warmth and as a symbol of a numerous progeny.
THE COURT. Three stars in An tares and Scoiyio represent the throne oi the heavenly ruler. The middle star is the Emperor's throne, the front star is the heir-apparent's throne, the after star is the throne of the son of the Emperor's concubine.
The Empress Ch'iang- blamed herself for this, and, having removed her ornaments, requested tliat she might he punished. The Emperor acquitted her of all blame, and hence- forward devoted himself more energetically to the affairs of State.
He prayed that the great Yao might have many riches, long- life, and a numerous male progeny. The Chinese believe that officials on earth.
A full account of all official titles will be found in " The Chinese Government" by Mayers. The Emperor Hsuen Tsnng A. The Emperor covered the names with a golden bason, and asked his son to guess who they were.
The son immediately guessed the two names that had been written. The Emperor Chen Tsung A. Oa his rotum Wang opened ifc, and found it full of beautiful pearls.
Wang Tan, knowing the Emperor's intention, remained silent. For an account of Wang Tan see Mayers, No. These insignia were used in the Han dynasty.
The Emperor Kao Ti was founder of the Han dynasty and ruled from B. Hsiao and Ts'ao were two of his adherents. For an account of them see Mayers, N"os.
Hi Yen was famous for his fearless denunciation of what he considered wrong, and frequently remonstrated with the Emperor Wu B. After generations, in consideration of his loved memory, could not bear to have the tree felled.
Under ifc the chief of Shao lodged. Hsien Chu, cherishing his illustrious reputation, thrice visited liis hut. For an account of the former see Mayers, No.
Ilunce the title " the bon-vivant minister. For an account of him see China Review, Vol. The comparison of his utterances to the singing of tlie phoenix means that remonstrances such as his were very rare.
Kuo Qhi, who lived in the time of the after Han dynasty, was famous for his good government. When on a tour of inspection he was met by a number of youths riding on bamboo horses, who, when questioned by him, said that they had come to meet him in order to evince their joj at his arrival.
When he retired from his post, he was again accompanied by these boys riding in the same manner. He was so esteemed by the people during his lifetime that he was worshipped in 10, families.
Hence the expression in the test. Ch'iu Hsiang lived in the time of the after Han, and, though holding a subordinate position, was esteemed among the people for having rendered an unfilial son dutiful to his mother.
P'an Yo lived in the Tsin dynasty. When magistrate of Ho Yang, if any of the people were in debt, he himself settled the claim against them, but made them plant a peach tree.
When he retired from his post, the whole district was covered with peach trees. Once on the occasion of a fire he kneeled before it, which caused the wind to veer round and extinguish the flames.
For an account of him see Mayers, No. By offering amnesties to the robbers who infested his territory, he induced them to abandon their life of brigandage and to turn to honest labour.
For an account of Fan Chung-yen see Mayers, No. The' above phrase was applied to him by the Bactrians. CHAPTER VI. For an account of Hang Yii see Mayers, Xo.
After his defeat at Chiang Tung- lie lamented the loss of his numerous followers who had accompanied him on the expedition, and committed suicide.
For an account of Sun Pin and Wu Chi see Mayers, No. Both were authors of works on military tactics. For an acconnt of him see Mayers, No. This sentence appears in some texts instead of No.
Feng I died A. For an account of hiai see Mayers, No. W6n Ti B,C. For an account of Fa Chiea see flayers, No. Now yon " have been my gaesfc for three years.
I have seen " nothing reinavlcaltlc in you. For an account of Hsiang Yii, see Mayers, No. It was suggested that he should procure recruits for his nrmy from Chiang-tun g, but Hsiang Yii replied that Avben last he set out from Chiang-tung 8, followers attended him, not one of whom had returned, and asked how he could face the people there again.
For Han Hsin see ante. Han Hsin sub- mitted to the indignity and when he rose to power he promoted the person who had been the cause of it, pointing out that if lie had killed him, he would not have gained the renown lie afterwards attained.
For an account of Chang Liang see Mayers, No. For Fan K'uai see above, page 6G. Do not reject a " buckler " and " citadel " general on account of two eggs.
It would be impossible to treat in detail of all the heroes from ancient times. If it is desired to inquire more minutely into military tactics, the military classics should be read.
CHAPTER VII. GRAND-PARENTS AND GRAND-CHILDREN, Jl PARENTS AND CHILDREN. See Mencius Legge, ]:age In the midst of the plain there is pulse, And the common people gather it, The mulberry insect has young ones, And tlie spliex carries them away.
For an account of Sun Chung-mou see Mayers, No. For an account of Li Ts'un-hsii see Mayers, No. Did not King Woo show wisdom in his employment of office.
He would leave his plans to his descendants and secure comfort and support to his son. The appearance of the lin or unicorn was supposed to be the sign of a golden age and of the appearance of a sage.
Yi Ya thereupon slew his son and boiled him for the dnke. For an account of Wang Hsi-chih see Mayers, No. They were so numerous he had not time to address them, but could only nod to them.
For an account of Kwoh Tzu-i see Mayers, No. It is said that when he was seventy years of age, he used to behave like a child before his parents, who were still alive, so that they might not think they were getting old.
One of his modes of amusing them was to dress himself in a fantastic garb and gesticulate before them.
Mao I accepted office when his parents were alive, as he thought it wo old please them. When they died, lie t,t once retired from public life.
Han Po Yii wept not on account of the pain, but because lie did not feel the whipping as much as formerly, by which he knew that his mother was becoming more infirm.
GRAND-PARENTS AND GRAND-CHILDREN, 77 PARENTS AND CHILDREN. He went on service with his King and returned without him, for which his mother upbraided him.
He finally avenged the murder of his King by putting to death his murderer. This refers to the eldest son presiding over the family sacrifices.
The remark in the text wtis made by a Sung writer, when commenting on the passage in Mencius, where the effect of the filial piety of Shun upon his unreasonable father is described see Mencius Legge, pages and The Chinese believe that the errors of the parents are all to be attributed to the imperfections of the children.
The flower and the calyx spring from the same root like brothers. Jennings, page 17G. A man kept behind one who might be his elder brother, as: geese fly after one another in a row.
If the wing of one is broken, it has to fall oufc, and the order is broken. He replied that it was difficult for the elder and for the younger brother to be worthy of each other,, as they were both equally good.
Tho Board of Ceremonies reported the younger brother as first the list, but the Empress pointed out the im- propriety of placing the younger before the elder, so the latter was also granted the highest degree.